April 21, 2024

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DAY 5 SEVERE WEATHER OUTLOOK…ISSUED MAR. 28, 2024…12:00 NOON EDT

6 min read

Disclaimer:  This is not affiliated with the National Hurricane Center, Hurricane Hunters, Storm Prediction Center, or National Weather Service.  ALL forecasts herein are the result of my analysis, (to which you will see me at times, insert excerpts from various agencies due to the nature of the importance of the information) and I am solely responsible for the content.  As ALWAYS, follow the National Hurricane Center, National Weather Service, and your local Emergency Management officials for emergency decisions.  In addition, this is strictly a FORECAST OFFICE.  I CANNOT make decisions regarding travel plans, etc.  My purpose, is to provide you the information, based solely on information I analyze, and the accuracy of the information at hand of the time of analysis, so you may make informed decisions.
(T. F. “Storm” Walsh)

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I will reiterate, my forecasts are based on the available information at the time of analysis, and are only as accurate as the information analyzed and the solutions provided.

The outlined maps you were used to seeing from my F5 DATA software, are no longer around and operational.  This means I have lost quite a bit of data to analyze but I will try to make the severe weather forecasts as accurate and understandable as possible.
https://www.spc.noaa.gov/new/images/SPC_outlook_final_updated.png

The Storm Prediction Center (SPC), has issued a 15% risk of severe thunderstorms in the day 5 outlook: FOR THE SOUTHERN/CENTRAL PLAINS INTO THE MID MISSISSIPPI AND OHIO VALLEYS…

…SPC SUMMARY…

Even though some differences remain in medium-range guidance regarding the ejection of an upper trough over the central CONUS on Monday, confidence has increased in the general location of relevant surface features, including the primary low, position of a southward-extending dryline, and northward extent of the warm front into the OH Valley. Even though the overall upper trough orientation may remain somewhat positively tilted, most deterministic guidance shows that a mid-level speed max and associated shortwave trough will eject northeastward over the southern/central Plains through Monday evening. Low-level mass response should encourage the eastward development of a surface low to the OK/KS vicinity in a similar time frame. Favorable low-level trajectories emanating from the Gulf will act to increase low-level moisture in tandem with steepening mid-level lapse rates and daytime heating across a broad warm sector extending from the southern/central Plains into the lower/mid MS Valley and OH Valley.

A favorable thermodynamic and kinematic environment for organized severe convection will exist across much of these regions, with supercells capable of producing large hail and tornadoes possible initially. With time Monday evening/night, some upscale growth seems probable across the mid MS and OH Valleys, as mid-level flow should become increasingly parallel to a surface cold front. Therefore, a 15% severe area has been introduced for Monday where confidence is greatest that robust convection will develop in a parameter space characterized by weak/moderate instability and strong deep-layer shear. A nocturnal minimum in severe convective potential may be realized Monday night into early Tuesday morning across parts of the lower MS Valley into Mid-South, given the positively tilted nature of the upper trough.
SPC DAY 5 SEVERE THUNDERSTORM OUTLOOK MAP (LINKED…CLICK IMAGE)
day5prob
Based on my analysis of the current outlook and GFS global model, it appears all severe threats may be possible for the DAY 5 forecast.   The following were the forecast parameters and indices analyzed this morning, however at the moment I’m a little skeptical, as in my past experience in forecasting severe weather, the GFS does not appear as accurate as the NAM 3km or HRRR models.  Unfortunately, neither of these 2 models go out far enough in the forecast.  The NAM 3km only goes out to 84 hours, and the HRRR out to 18 hours.  I will update on this again, once it falls under the DAY 3 outlook, as more information will be available for analysis.  The red outline in the map is approximately where the indices are forecast at the moment.  Indices meanings can be accessed further on in the synopsis:
SBCAPE: 700 – 1250 j/kg-1
MLCAPE: 500 – 750 j/kg-1
MUCAPE: 500 – 1000 j/kg-1
SRH 0 – 1km: 100 – 250 m2/s2
SRH 0 – 3km: 200 – 350 m2/s2
SRH EFFECTIVE: 150 – 250 m2/s2
L. I.: -3 to -5

STP: 1 to 2
SCP: 2 to 3
0 -6 km SHEAR: 65 – 70 kts
EFF. SHEAR: 50 – 60 kts
MID LEVEL LAPSE RATE: 7.0 – 7.5C
DEWPOINT: 60F – 67F
EHI: 0.8 – 1.4
TOTAL TOTALS INDEX: 47 – 50
K INDEX: 28 – 33
day5prob.2

STP ( Significant Tornado Parameter) EXPLAINED:
A majority of significant tornadoes (EF2 or greater damage) have been associated with STP values greater than 1, while most non-tornadic supercells have been associated with values less than 1 in a large sample of RAP analysis proximity soundings.

SCP (Supercell Composite Parameter) EXPLAINED:
A multiple ingredient, composite index that includes effective storm-relative helicity (ESRH, based on Bunkers right supercell motion), most unstable parcel CAPE (muCAPE) and convective inhibition (muCIN), and effective bulk wind difference (EBWD). Each ingredient is normalized to supercell “threshold” values, and larger values of SCP denote greater “overlap” in the three supercell ingredients. Only positive values of SCP are displayed, which correspond to environments favoring right-moving (cyclonic) supercells.

The following sites will explain most of these values, and will give you an idea of what to expect:

ENVIRONMENTAL INDICES AND PARAMETERS NWS
https://www.weather.gov/lmk/indices

THE WEATHER PREDICTION
http://www.theweatherprediction.com/severe/indices/

SPC HOMEPAGE LINK
https://www.spc.noaa.gov/classic.html

The following NWS Watch / Warning map will provide local NWS information for your area.  Click the image, then once it refreshes, click on your area of interest to view any special weather statements, hazards or advisories for your area.
NWS WATCH / WARNING DISPLAY (LINKED…CLICK MAP, THEN YOUR AREA)

NWS DOPPLER RADAR LOOP (LINKED, CLICK RADAR MAP)
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RAP RADAR (CLICK IMAGE THEN GO TO LOOP DURATION AND PICK LENGTH OF LOOP, THEN CLICK RADAR SITE)
CARIBBEAN RADAR (CLICK IMAGE)
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You may direct any questions by contacting me personally, ANYTIME, at: twalsh22000@yahoo.com

Have a blessed evening!

T. F. “STORM” WALSH III
GMCS, USCG (ret)
METEOROLOGIST / HURRICANE SPECIALIST /SEVERE WEATHER SPECIALIST

About palmharborforecastcenter

I am a Tropical Forecast meteorologist, providing hurricane forecasts during the Atlantic Hurricane Season. I retired from the U.S. Coast Guard in July of 2001. Meteorology became my passion in high school, and I have continued my educational background in meteorology since 1996, when I undertook the study of Tropical Meteorology. While working toward my degree, I had to unexpectedly withdraw from college due to my oldest sons medical reasons. I do however, meet the educational criteria of the AMS to be recognized as a meteorologist. Studies include, but are not limited to the Navy Aerographers Mate course, Naval METOC meteorology course, Meteorology 2010 Sophomore level course while attending St. Petersburg College, Clearwater, FL., Basic Forecasting course for operational meteorologists from Rapid WX, meteorology institute, a four month meteorological internship, and extensive research on numerous meteorological topics such as the MJO, NAO, satellite imagery interpretation, etc.

I have been forecasting Tropical Weather (Tropical Storms and Hurricanes) since 1996, with my main client being three different Coast Guard Commands.

palmharborforecastcenter

2024-03-28 15:48:50

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